THE UMAYYAD CALIPHATE

The Umayads were the first Muslim dynasty — that is, they were the first rulers of the Islamic Empire to pass down power within their family.

THE UMAYYAD FAMILY

According to tradition, the Umayyad family (also known as the Banu Abd-Shams) and Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) both descended from a common ancestor, Abd Manaf ibn Qusai, and they originally came from the city of Mecca. Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) descended from Abd Manāf via his son Hashim, while the Umayyads descended from Abd Manaf via a different son, Abd-Shams, whose son was Umayya. The two families are therefore considered to be different clans (those of Hashim and of Umayya, respectively) of the same tribe (that of the Quraish).

WHERE TO GO
  • Mosque of Córdoba
  • Madinat al-Zahra
  • Baños del Alcázar Califal

La Mezquita (Mosque – Cathedral of Córdoba) is captivating. It brings hordes of tourists to this Andalusian town annually. It is one of many interesting things to do in Cordoba Spain. If you only have one day in Cordoba, you will be busy.

Price:
Adult/child €10/5, 8.30-9.30am Mon-Sat Mar-Oct free

Hours:
8.30-9.30am & 10am-7pm Mon-Sat, 8.30-11.30am & 3-7pm Sun Mar-Oct, 10am-6pm Mon-Sat, 8.30-11.30am & 3-6pm Sat & Sun Nov-Feb

Location:
Calle Cardenal Herrero
Córdoba, Spain

Eight kilometres west of Córdoba stands what’s left of Madinat al-Zahra, the sumptuous palace-city built by Caliph Abd ar-Rahman III in the 10th century. The complex spills down a hillside with the caliph’s palace (the area you visit today) on the highest levels overlooking what were gardens and open fields. The residential areas (still unexcavated) were set away to each side. A fascinating modern museum has been installed below the site.

Price:
EU citizen/other free/€1.50

Hours:
9am-7.30pm Tue-Sat Apr–mid-Jun, to 3.30pm mid-Jun–mid-Sep, to 6pm mid-Sep–Mar, 9am-3pm Sun year-round

Location:
Carretera Palma del Río Km 5.5
Córdoba,
Spain

The bathhouse of the 10th-century caliphs, part of the Moorish Alcázar complex that was later replaced by the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos, is the most impressive of the few Arab bathhouses that still survive from the 600 that Córdoba boasted by the early 11th century. With the typical arrangement of cold, warm and hot rooms, the now-underground complex has been partly restored to its original appearance with horseshoe arches, elegant pillars and star-shaped skylights. You can also see remains of the underfloor heating system.

Price:
€2.50

Hours:
8.30am-8.45pm Tue-Fri, to 4.30pm Sat, to 2.30pm Sun mid-Sep–mid-Jun, to 3pm Tue-Sat, to 2.30pm Sun mid-Jun–mid-Sep

Location:
Campo Santo de los Mártires
Córdoba,
Spain

Taxi transport

Both taxis and rental cars are good options for getting around while in the Cordoba area. Each option has its distinct advantages as well as disadvantages.
Telephone: +34 957 764 444
www.radiotaxicordoba.com

Public transport

BUS STATION
Plaza de Las Tres Culturas ( Las Tres Culturas Square: in front of the Railway Station (RENFE-AVE).

AUCORSA:
Telephone: +34 957 40 40 40
Web: www.aucorsa.net

Daily Bus To Medina Azahara

The best way to get to the Archaeological Site is on the Daily Bus to Medina Azahara.

Online Booking
PRICES: Adults: 9 euros, Children aged 5 to 12: 5 euros, Children under 5: Free
MINTING
POINT: Bus stop on Paseo de la Victoria (Red Cross Hospital Roundabout).