The Umayyad Caliphate
Cordoba the Umayyad Caliphate
According to tradition, the Umayyad family (also known as the Banu Abd-Shams) and Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) both descended from a common ancestor, Abd Manaf ibn Qusai, and they originally came from the city of Mecca. Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) descended from Abd Manāf via his son Hashim, while the Umayyads descended from Abd Manaf via a different son, Abd-Shams, whose son was Umayya. The two families are therefore considered to be different clans (those of Hashim and of Umayya, respectively) of the same tribe (that of the Quraish).