Salah al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb the first Sultan of Egypt

Salah al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb better known in the Western world as Saladin, was the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. A Muslim Commander whose etnicity is much debated, some historians say he has Turkic roots, others state he is Kurdish or Arab. Saladin led Islamic opposition against the European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his